Bulgaria seized 638 248 fake goods - articles violating intellectual property rights - at its borders in 2016, a number that is about the half the amount the country confiscated in 2015, according to a report released by the European Commission on July 20.There was also a decrease in the number of cases of fake goods in Bulgaria, from 497 in 2015 to 436 in 2016, a drop of about 12 per cent, according to figures in the report.The report showed that China was by far in the lead in fake goods coming into the EU - customs officers in the bloc seized more than 5.6 million toys, about 22 per cent of the total toys confiscated at the EU borders, as well as 4.6 million Chinese-made cigarettes (about 18 per cent) and more than 4.4 million items of food coming from China.In all, the EC report showed that customs authorities detained more than 41 million fake and counterfeit products at the EU's external border in 2016. The goods had a total value of over 670 million euro.Everyday products which are potentially dangerous to health and safety – such as food and drink, medicines, toys and household electrical goods - accounted for over a third of all intercepted goods.Pierre Moscovici, Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs, said: "A high level of protection of intellectual property is crucial to support growth and create jobs."Fake goods pose a real threat to health and safety of EU consumers and also undermine legal businesses and state revenues. Studies show that the EU is particularly exposed to imports of counterfeit products."I want to pay tribute to the hard work of customs authorities in combating these fake goods. They need support and resources to enable them to protect us all from the dangers that they can pose. Cooperation between law enforcement authorities should be strengthened and risk management systems upgraded to protect the EU from goods infringing on intellectual property rights," Moscovici said.Cigarettes were the top category (24 per cent) for articles detained and toys the second largest group (17 per cent), followed by foodstuffs (13 per cent) and packaging material (12 per cent). The number of intercepted articles rose by two per cent compared to 2015.China remains the clear leader when it comes to the provenance of fake goods: 80% of articles arrived from China in 2016, the EC said.At the same time, large amounts of cigarettes originated in Vietnam and Pakistan, while Singapore was the top source for counterfeit alcoholic beverages.Iran was the main source country for fake clothing accessories.Hong Kong was the leader for counterfeit mobile phones and India topped the list for counterfeit medicines.In more than 90% of detentions, goods were either destroyed or a court case was initiated to determine an infringement or as part of criminal procedures.The Commission's report on customs actions to enforce IPR has been issued annually since 2000 and is based on data transmitted by Member States' customs administrations to the Commission.The data provide valuable information which supports the analysis of intellectual property rights infringements and helps other institutions such as the European Union Intellectual Property Office and the OECD to map economic data and the most common routes for counterfeiters, the EC said./IBNA(Photo: DJ Shin. There is no suggestion this toy was the subject of intellectual copyright violation).