In an exclusive interview for IBNA, leader of Self Determination, Visar Ymeri talks about the political crisis in Kosovo, the process of talks between Pristina and Belgrade and demarcation of the border with Montenegro. Ymeri stops on the establishment of the Kosovo Armed Forces and explains why this process will continue to be prevented by Serbia. The leader of the largest opposition party in Kosovo also comments on the diplomacy and European integration processes
Interviewed by Muhamer Mellova
IBNA: Can the political crisis in Kosovo generate early parliamentary elections?
The elections are the only way solution for the future of this country. The current coalition has long lost its legitimacy. This coalition has brought the country an agreement that divides Kosovo on ethnic basis and which was later declared unconstitutional. The fact that the Prime Minister evades his responsibility about the agreement that he signed, is a bad example and a dangerous precedent. How can we expect the citizens to respect the law when the Prime Minister violates the Constitution?!
This government has lost the faith of the people, because there are 205 thousand people who have signed a petition against their projects: Demarcation and Association, but also the faith of another 100 thousand who have protested several times in Pristina. This government must leave, because instead of creating 300 thousand jobs that it promised before entering office, it has only brought violence and misery.
IBNA: Let us go through some of the problems. First of all, how do you see the process of talks between Kosovo and Serbia and its finalization?
One of the biggest successes after 1999 in Kosovo is the result that was yielded by the resistance shown against the Association. This has been the biggest defence for the country against the threat of internal divisions against the territorialism of the Serb autonomy in Kosovo. For this, we should thank every civil group, social group or political subject.
But the Association’s failure must also serve as a moment of reflection for the process that has brought us up to here. We cannot have a fair and well pondered process and a damaging result. It is the unconditional dialogue, without equality between the sides which has yielded such results. Therefore, the Association’s failure is nothing more than the failure of dialogue in general.
IBNA: Another important issue is the fate of the Army of Kosovo. What will happen with it?
The creation of the army of Kosovo requires the implementation of the double majority, which has been incorporated in the Constitution of the country by the Ahtisaari Plan. On the other hand, the logic which has been used to divide the Ahtisaari Plan along with Brussels’ dialogue which is not based in any principles, have led to the formation of the Serb List, which is led by Belgrade. This means that the creation of the Kosovo Army must have Serbia’s consent. We must remind about this obstacle all of those who have absolute faith on Ahtisaari’s plan. The Ahtisaari’s Plan is not the right platform for a sovereign republic. On the contrary, if we stick to it, we will remain a failed state at the mercy of the others.
IBNA: Demarcation is another serious issue. Can this cause tension between Pristina and Podgorica?
Kosovo and Montenegro have excellent relations with each other. As far as the Demarcation issue is concerned, Montenegrin institutions have been more constructive than the government of Kosovo. In several occasions, they have declared that they don’t wish to benefit land from Kosovo and that they are ready to discuss on this. Everyone in Pristina wants a solution for the Demarcation, but not at the detriment of Kosovo. Meanwhile, the only danger for tension in the relations between Kosovo and Montenegro consists on an eventual decision to ratify the current Demarcation Agreement.
IBNA: Has the process of the recognition of Kosovo come to a halt?
Kosovo’s diplomacy cannot be successful for as long as our state is not a developed one in the domestic point of view. We cannot have a strong diplomacy without boosting domestic capacities. I must say that those recognitions that have occurred so far have come as a result of the help of ally countries and not so much as a result of a proactive approach by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. On the other hand, constant dialogue without a deadline with Serbia has acted as an argument for Serb diplomacy in relation to the countries that haven’t recognized us.
IBNA: When will Kosovo be an economically developed country, integrated in European Atlantic structures?
Kosovo’s economic perspective will open up when citizens unite against the neo liberal dogma and march toward a developed state. The changing of the paradigm is the only chance for such thing. Then from a country exporting money, we will turn into a country exporting goods, from an extracting economy to a manufacturing economy. /balkaneu.com/