By Miloš Mitrović – Belgrade
International Youth Day, 12 August was celebrated by Serbian youth organizations, as well as by youth bureaus and Ministry for youth and sports. However, an average young man/ woman in Serbia has no reasons to celebrate given the fact that most of them are unemployed. The latest researches results showed that approximately 50 percent of Serbian citizens up to 30 years were unemployed. Young people comprise 30 percent of overall Serbian unemployed population.
“At the same time, the educational level of young people does not correspond with the needs of the national labor market; many young Serbs have no intention to become parents because they are not economically independent”, Večernje novosti daily reported on Monday. “With regard to housing problems, young Serbs are “resolving” them by sharing the apartment with their parents. Approximately 56.5 percent of youth live together with their parents”.
In June, 142,400 persons aged from 20 to 30 were searching for job, as well as 96,720 citizens aged from 30 to 34. “The consequences of high youth unemployment rate will affect the whole society”, economy professor Mlađan Kovačević told Belgrade’s daily. “While they are unemployed, their knowledge and skills are fading. They don’t get new experiences, but they are getting more and more uncompetitive in the labor market while time is passing. Even when they get the job, their employers are dissatisfied with their performance”, Kovačević explained.
Kovačević emphasized that long-time unemployment creates another problem – young people are getting both less self-confident and less self-esteemed.
“By growing up in Serbia, young people are experiencing double transition, personal and societal; they are being marginalized in both processes”, the study by the Institute of Sociology and Social Research, Belgrade University showed.
“Young people are marginalized because they are not involved enough in the decision making processes, which are important for the society. The political will for the changes in this regard does not exist and the support to young population is mostly declarative one. Independent and democratic youth groups are not desirable partners, due to the fact that they cannot be easily controlled”, Vukašin Grozdanović, the head of the National Youth Council of Serbia said.